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How to Learn Ethical Hacking? A Step-by-Step Guide

A job as an ethical hacker is exciting and lucrative. Any gadget employing digital technology is susceptible to hacking, including your car, security lockers, garage door systems, and any other smart home equipment. Because of this, Ethical Hackers are highly appreciated and capable of aiding any industry.

Everyone must maintain the security of their businesses, software, and gadgets, and Ethical Hackers identify the most vulnerable areas so that organizations can fix the faults.

However, how does one become a moral hacker? And what skills should you be focusing on at this time?

This post explains How to Learn Ethical Hacking Step-by-Step and Create a Prosperous Career.

What Is Ethical Hacking?

Hacking is defined as locating and exploiting a series of security vulnerabilities in a target system. Ethical hacking is distinguished from hacking by including a crucial component: permission. The approval step in this procedure has two goals. –

 Is Ethical Hacking legal?

Because an Ethical Hacker receives permission prior to breaking into a system, it is legally guaranteed that they do not have malicious intent. This is accomplished by contractually obligating them to enhance the business’s security.

How Is Ethical Hacking Helpful?

The evolution of data into a valued resource. Consequently, the importance of data confidentiality and integrity protection has increased. Consequently, ethical hacking is essential today.

The Internet is a medium for brand promotion and management, online marketing, and sales, and every firm has a digital-facing component. Consequently, every endpoint providing the channel is potentially vulnerable.

Moreover, hackers of the modern day have proven to be exceptionally intelligent when it comes to breaking into a system. Organizations require individuals that share the same mindset as bad hackers. Several virus breaches have resulted in losses totaling millions of dollars. These events have served as a wake-up call for enterprises worldwide, leading them to reevaluate the relevance of ethical hacking.

How to Step-by-Step Guide to Learn Ethical Hacking

Step 1: Gain LINUX/UNIX Experience

As an Ethical Hacker, you must be knowledgeable with the LINUX operating system, as it is one of the most commonly used for hacking. It provides an abundance of tools for hackers. Red Hat Linux, Ubuntu, Kali Linux, BackTrack are some renowned operating systems. Hackers can utilize the Kali Linux system, which was created primarily for hacking.

You must increase your knowledge of ethical hacking. We advise that you enroll in the Introduction to Ethical Hacking course. This course will help you acquire the abilities necessary to become an Ethical Hacker by 2023.

Step 2: Learn Programming

This is a crucial stage in the process of learning ethical hacking. Programming concepts are more significant than programming languages. If you comprehend how something is constructed, you can find its vulnerabilities.

Here are some programming languages that you may wish to learn:

HTML: While not directly connected to hacking, HTML will teach you to the fundamentals on which the web is built, and it is an ideal language for beginners who want to create something visible quickly and with a high tolerance for errors. CSS would be an excellent addition to these web sites to make them stand out.

PHP: PHP enables you to turn your web applications from static websites to back-end-driven powerhouses. You will have the ability to create applications for data storage and much more. A key advantage of PHP is that you can easily launch an application and acquire a bit of mistake tolerance.

Python: Python is a general-purpose programming language that hackers can use to construct scripts rapidly. Python is cross-platform, meaning it can run on any supported operating system, yet it is substantially quicker than languages such as Java. It is also less rigorous for end-users, but its structure compels them to maintain their code clean and intelligible.

Step 3: Learn to work Anonymously

The most important aspect of ethical hacking is understanding how to maintain anonymity and conceal your web presence so that no traces are left, and no one can locate you. Frequently, an Ethical Hacker needs to be made aware of the identities of other network users. If a malevolent hacker detects a user’s network presence, they may attempt to attack their machine. Therefore, anonymity is also vital for ethical hackers.

Step 4: Learn Networking Concepts

Ethical hackers must comprehend how networking concepts are produced. By understanding multiple networks and protocols, you can exploit flaws. A network-savvy Ethical Hacker is able to tackle real problems. Some essential networking concepts include:

  • SCADA Networks
  • Network Masks and CIDR
  • Simple Network Management Protocol
  • Subnetting
  • Address Resolution Protocol
  • Domain Name Service
  • Bluetooth Networks
  • Automobile Networks
  • Server Message Block
  • Wireless Networks

Step 5: Explore Dark Web

This Internet domain is hidden from search engines or is not indexed. Accessing the dark web requires authorization or software. Tor, an anonymous web browser, provides access to the dark web. It is the hub of criminal activity. Ethical hackers must understand how the dark web operates.

Step 6: Learn Cryptography Skills

Encryption and decryption are fundamental hacking techniques. Numerous aspects of information security, such as authentication, data integrity, and confidentiality, utilize encryption. On a network, passwords and other critical information are constantly encrypted. An Ethical Hacker must be able to identify and break encryption.

Step 7: Identify Vulnerabilities

Vulnerabilities are systemic weaknesses or openings. Learn how to examine systems and networks for security flaws that could lead to a breach. Ethical hackers might also record their vulnerabilities and damage the system. Included in the Kali Linux operating system are the following vulnerability detection tools:

  • Nessus, a vulnerability scanner: identifies flaws in web applications and diverse systems.
  • Nikto Vulnerability Scanner: Detects web server vulnerabilities.
  • Wapiti Vulnerability Scanner: Identifies vulnerabilities in internet applications.
  • OpenVAS Vulnerability Scanner: Identifies network device vulnerabilities.

Step 8: Investigate and Practice Master Hacking

Experimentation and practice are the keys to success in the realm of hacking. Ethical hackers must apply their knowledge in various circumstances and contexts. Try out different attacks, tools, and other features.

Step 9: Participate in Hacking Competitions

Participating in hacking competitions can improve your knowledge and abilities. Multiple companies host similar competitions to evaluate the security of their software products. The primary objective of hacking is to breach software security mechanisms and get access to third-party computer systems.

Step 10: Continue to Learn Ethical Hacking

Consistent education is essential for success in the hacking profession. Reading hacking blogs and the most recent news items and participating in online forums are good ways to maintain your hacking skills. Online video forums are fantastic resources for learning about evolving hacking strategies and technologies.


To begin your path toward ethical hacking, you must understand how to become a hacker.  Strong knowledge of information technology and operating systems,  including programming languages, networking,  systems administration, and security. Once you have learned the fundamentals of information technology, you can move on to studying specialized hacking techniques.

Great learning’s free ethical hacking courses can assist you to become certified as an Ethical Hacker if you desire an exciting and rewarding job. Enjoy world-class education at your own speed, with live interactive sessions and hands-on experience to make learning enjoyable. Enroll now and equip yourself with the skills and tools necessary to protect your networks.

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