HomeTechnology4 Database Scaling Solutions...

4 Database Scaling Solutions to Consider

You have released an application with an intuitive and user-friendly user interface. But if your application faces a load issue, your end users will become frustrated. Most likely, the issue lies within the database and not the application. 38% of database professionals cited database downtime as the issue that kept them awake at night, according to a poll. The downtime could be caused by various difficulties, such as inappropriate database configuration, inadequate load management, database queries timing out, etc.

This post will explain if scaling your database is necessary and how to address database scalability issues. Let’s start with the most obvious question: why scale databases?
Why Should You Scale Your Database?

Your application database must be able to grow or shrink its computing resources in response to the application’s changing requirements. For instance, your database should be able to grow up to accommodate an unexpected traffic spike. In addition, your database should be able to contract when not in use to conserve resources. Selecting the appropriate database for your needs is one of the most effective ways to assure the scalability of a database. Physical servers make database expansion and contraction difficult. Cloud-based database solutions are effective.

Database scaling is a complex and resource-intensive endeavor. Before beginning the project, you must therefore confirm that your product requires a scalable database. Determine first whether your product will have a traffic boost in the near future. If you still need to, you can still use your previous database.

There is no purpose in investing resources in getting a scalable database for a new business. You may do so after your application reaches critical mass and you anticipate a substantial increase in traffic.

Here are a few instances where database scalability is required:

  1. Your application has become obsolete, and you wish to migrate to a cloud-based platform.
  2. Your application is extremely busy with High loads.
  3. Your application must adhere to the regulations.
  4. You desire a balanced workload that can service users worldwide.

Database Scaling Solutions

1. Cache Database Queries

Caching database queries is one of the most straightforward techniques to increase your database’s load-handling capability. In most applications, a small number of queries comprise the majority of requests. You can cache such queries so they are read from the cache in the future. This removes the requirement to retrieve data from the database for such frequent requests. The user is instantly provided with the required info. Caching enhances the performance of your database in this manner.

Amazon ElastiCache is a caching service that facilitates database caching. With Amazon ElastiCache, in-memory caching may be scaled. ElastiCache from Amazon provides real-time use cases. The following are ideal Amazon ElastiCache usage cases:

  1. Gaming ranking lists
  2. Analytics
  3. Streaming

2. Database Indexes

Scaling a database does not always involve adding additional databases to the present configuration. Occasionally, by optimizing the current database, it may be possible to scale it. Database indexing comes into play at this point. Using the database indexing method, you arrange the data to increase the speed of data extraction from the database table.

3. Data Replication

Data replication is the process of creating identical copies of a database on several devices. A replication technique is advantageous for dealing with peak loads. As data is duplicated, queries can be distributed across numerous databases, reducing the burden on a single database. Moreover, in the improbable event that a storage device fails, the copied data will be helpful and the system will continue to operate normally.

4. Sharding

An incorrectly constructed database is one of the most significant barriers to scaling your database. To avoid this bottleneck, selecting the proper database for the appropriate business application is vital. For instance:

A bank should select a relational database management system to guarantee its structured data ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability).

A multiplayer online game can utilize a key-value database without SQL.

Regardless of the database you use, ensure that it supports sharding. Sharding is the process of dividing a single large database chunk into smaller pieces of data, known as shards, that can be kept across several databases. Two types of sharding exist:

  1. Horizontal sharding
  2. Vertical sharding

When database queries produce a subset of rows of data, horizontal sharding is advantageous. Typically, these rows are grouped together. For instance, the queries that filter the data are based on narrow date periods.

Vertical sharding is advantageous when database queries return a subset of columns. For example, if some database queries require only names while others require only cities, vertical sharding is effective.

Shards offer two significant benefits:

The total storage capacity of the system is directly proportional to the number of database shards.

Even if one shard is offline, the shard pool can still retrieve and store your data. When a shard is offline, only a fraction of the entire dataset is currently unavailable. Therefore, it will not significantly affect the system’s operation.


The database is an indispensable component of any program. If you wish to scale your application, you must also grow your database. In recent years, technology breakthroughs have provided us with all the necessary tools to make the scaling process effortless. One can utilize cloud-based services like AWS, Azure, or Google Cloud to grow an application.

Before delving into scalability, one must examine several factors. This article should have helped you understand the core difficulties related to scalability and how to address them. Please let me know if I have overlooked any key points in the section below.

Check out: Data Anonymization: Everything You Need to Know

Most Popular

More from Author

How to Hire a Mobile App Developers: An In-depth Guide

The mobile app development market has blossomed to a great extent...

Top 8 Essential Features of Fintech Mobile Applications

Banking is not the same anymore as fintech has almost changed...

Future Application of AI and ML in the Healthcare Sector

Healthcare is one of the sectors which is constantly developing thanks...

10 Chatbots That Will Improve Your Customer Service

Everybody has social anxiety sometimes. Whether you live with a large...

Read Now

Metaverse Workspace and Employers’ Privacy

The concepts of the Metaverse, a virtual shared space where people can work, socialize and interact with each other and virtual objects, have garnered much attention in recent years. As after COVID, more people prefer to work remotely or in hybrid work environments, the idea of a...

3D Scanning Technology: An Easy Business Guide

The introduction of 3D printers for business or personal use has sparked an interest in this modern technology, but what about 3D scanning? 3D scanning technology can help collect precise data on physical objects. The cost of entry-level quality scanners on the market can reach tens of...

What Should You Know About Metal 3D Printing?

The introduction of technology in the manufacturing industry has been instrumental in the overall quality of output. Many companies have embraced new techniques to improve their production processes to meet customer demands. Metal 3D printing is an industrial manufacturing technique that permits parts fabrication by adding multiple...

Taking a Closer Look at Residential Intercom Systems

Whether you’re a renter or a homeowner, one of your top concerns is likely security. That’s why residential intercom systems are such an important consideration. Intercom systems give you the peace of mind of knowing that your home is secure, and they offer additional convenience features, like...

Exploring the Boundaries of Human Creativity with AI Technology

The Colorado State Fair's annual art competition doesn't normally make national headlines. But when this year's first prize winner in the digital art category turned out to be a piece created with the assistance of AI technology, it sparked outrage, and the story went viral. Lost in the...

5 Ways Technology Has Transformed Learning for School Students

Technology has transformed how school students learn in countless ways, and it continues to evolve and improve with each passing year. The growing importance of technology in education cannot be overstated. Technology has transformed how school students learn and find new educational possibilities, from online classes and remote learning...

The Path to Better Health is Paved With Tech Innovations 

We live in an era where technology is fast becoming embedded in our society, impacting nearly every aspect of your lives – and healthcare makes no exception. Although the healthcare industry has been lagging behind in implementing new technologies, especially in the public sector, the rate of...

What Role Does AI Play In Healthcare Software?

When the role of AI in healthcare comes to mind, you are bound to think of its numerous applications. With the power of AI, thousands of operations in the healthcare sector can be performed within seconds. Whether powering surgical robots, undertaking medical research, or discerning links between...

How You Can Improve The Quality Of A PCB At Home?

In this article, we will cover methods for improving the quality of PCBs at home. We are all aware that printed circuit boards (PCBs) are an essential component of electronics and that the quality of your PCB can substantially impact the quality of your project as a...

Secure Hosting Service Without Compromise

Learn about security features and check how to choose secure hosting service for your website. In this article, I will show you how to turn your Server into an impregnable fortress. In order to do it, you need backups, file and data security, safe email, DNS, SSL, web...

Tips to Avoid Risks Before You Implement Industrial IoT Solutions

If you are curious about the deployment of Industrial IoT Solutions, you are aware that this process is expanding globally at a rapid rate. According to McKinsey Digital, 127 gadgets will connect to the Internet for the first time every second in 2021, and the value of...

Comparison Between RPA and Test Automation

RPA is short form of "Robotic Process Automation," which relates to technology that can move with tools, IT infrastructures, and business processes using AI and Machine Learning to be instructed and change repetitive activities. RPA is a potential solution for data-intensive tasks. It will eliminate the recurring human...